Gold Open Access

Online Teaching: Perceptions, Challenges and Opportunities during and beyond Covid-19 Pandemic among Secondary School Teachers

(1) * Jijo Varghese Mail (Central University of Kerala, India)
(2) M.N. Mohamedunni Alias Musthafa Mail (Central University of Kerala, India)
*Corresponding author


Due to the outbreak of COVID-19 and closure of educational institutions, a shift from offline to online classes was essential to maintain academic activities carry on. This necessitated to think the educators regarding their preparedness, concerns and challenges related to technical constraints while shifting the academic activities completely to digital mode. The purpose of the study emanated from the need to understand the perceptions, challenges, and opportunities of online teaching during COVID-19 experienced by the teachers. Survey method was adopted for the study and data collected from 328 secondary school teachers who were working both in private and public schools of Kerala, a southern state of India. The results of the study revealed that around 94.4% of the participants of the study agreed that they had proper accessibility to digital devices and tools to carry out online classes during the COVID-19 pandemic and 76% had reported that they had enough knowledge and competencies in handling these tools effectively for conducting the online classes. Approximately 73% of the teachers who took part in the survey confirmed that they make use of google classroom as a learning management system and 59.7% used google meet, 21.4% used Zoom and rest of them made use various digital tools for online content delivery. A large majority (78%) of the participants agreed that they would go for a blended class even after the COVID-19 pandemic where they make use of the possibilities of online mode of learning in the regular classes.


Secondary school teachers; Google Classroom; Online Teaching; COVID-19



Article metrics

Abstract views : 626 | PDF views : 266




Full Text



Abdulamir, A. S., & Hafdh, R. R. (2020). The possible immunological pathways for the variable immunopathogenesis of COVID—19 infections among healthy adults, elderly and children. Electronic Journal of General Medicine, 17(4), em202.

Azevedo, J. P., Hasan, A., Goldemberg, D., Iqbal, S. A. & Geven, K. (2020). Simulating the Potential Impacts of COVID-19 School Closures on Schooling and Learning Outcomes: A Set of Global Estimates. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 9284. Available at:

Banati, P., Jones, N. & Youssef, S. (2020). Intersecting Vulnerabilities: The Impacts of COVID-19 on the Psycho-emotional Lives of Young People in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Eur J Dev Res 32, 1613–1638.

Cachón-Zagalaz J, Sánchez-Zafra M, Sanabrias-Moreno D, González-Valero G, Lara-Sánchez A.J. & Zagalaz-Sánchez, M.L. (2020). Systematic Review of the Literature About the Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Lives of School Children. Front. Psychol. 11:569348.

Collins ,James (2020). Education System in the UK During Pandemic COVID-19. Retrieved from:

Dong, C., Cao, S., & Li, H. (2020). Young children’s online learning during COVID-19 pandemic: Chinese parents’ beliefs and attitudes. Children and Youth Services Review, 118, 105440. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105440

Education: From disruption to Recovery. UNESCO. (2021). Retrieved from

Fairness policy brief series: 04/2020. Educational inequalities in Europe and physical school closures during Covid-19. Retrieved From:

Jena, P.K. (2020) Impact of pandemic COVID-19 on education in India. International Journal of Current Research (IJCR), Vol-12, Issue-7, Page-12582-12586 (2020) DOI-

Kentnor, Hope E. (2015). Distance education And the evolution Of online learning In the united states in Curriculum and Teaching Dialogue, Vol. 17, Nos. 1 & 2, Retrieved from:

Kim, L. E., and Asbury, K. (2020). ‘Like a rug had been pulled from under you’: The impact of COVID-19 on teachers in England during the first six weeks of the UK lockdown. Br. J. Educ. Psychol. 90, 1062–1083. http://www.10.1111/bjep.12381

Lase, D., Zaluchu, S. E., Daeli, D. O., & Ndraha, A. (2020). Parents’ perceptions of distance learning during Covid-19 pandemic in rural Indonesia.

Li, Cathy & Lalani, F., (2020), The COVID-19 pandemic has changed education forever. This is how. The World Economic Forum. Retrieved from:

O’Hagan, Clare. (2020). UNESCO rallies international organizations, civil society and private sector partners in a broad Coalition to ensure #LearningNeverStops. UNESCO Press Service: Retrieved from:

OECD.(2020). School Education During Covid-19: were teachers and students ready? Retrieved From:

Sener, J. (2012). The seven futures of American education: Improving learning and teaching in a screen captured world. North Charleston, SC: Create Space.

Shankar R , Sabari , S, Nareshkkumar. (2018). Education at the Door Steps! An Overview of Evolution of Online Learning in India. In International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science (IJLTEMAS) Volume VII, Issue III.

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (2020). COVID-19 educational disruption and response. 2020. Paris: UNESCO. Retrieved From:

Verduin, J. R., & Clark, T. A. (1991). Distance education. Oxford, UK: Jossey-Bass Publishers.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Jijo Varghese & M.N. Mohamedunni Alias Musthafa

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.